PATTAYA WEBS - Glossary of Website & Internet Terminology
Pattaya Webs Glossary of Terminology attempts to give an explanation of website terms and phrases in plain and simple english. For additional information, please send an e-mail to ....
Relates to the design (coding) of your website and refers to how easy it is for everyone to use your website, including the visually impaired and physically handicapped.
Links from other websites back to yours to gain popularity with search engines.
A web banner is a graphic or advertising image usually announcing the name or identity of a site.
A web log (blog) is an online diary used to share your thoughts with your viewers, and is also used as a strong marketing tool for networking purposes.
A breadcrumb trail is a navigation tool that allows the user to see where the current page is in relation to other pages. (the term derives from Hansel and Gretal who left a trail of breadcrumbs as they walked in the forest so that they could trace their way back home).
Cache (pronounced CASH)
A cache is a place to store something temporarily, saving you time, and the network added traffic.
A cookie is information that a website puts on your hard disk so that it can remember something about you later. This mechanism allows the server to store it's own information about a user on the user's own computer.
Copyright is the ownership of an intellectual property within the limits prescribed by law and is automatically given to the author of any original work covered by the law as soon as it's created.
Cyberspace can be thought of as the interconnection of human beings through computers and telecommunication, without regard to physical geography.
A computer database is a collection of records and information that is stored in a computer system, so that it can be easily accessed and managed.
In computers, it's the process of locating and fixing bugs (errors) so that they no longer exist.
The process of locating data stored on a hard disk, and rearranging fragments into fewer files.
On the World Wide Web, a directory is a subject guide, organised by major topics and subtopics.
A disaster recovery plan (business continuity plan) attempts to avoid a situation where normal functions would be impossible. Typically, disaster recovery planning involves an analysis of business processes, continuity needs and disaster prevention.
The domain name locates an organisation on the internet. For example, www.pattayawebs.com locates an internet address for 'pattayawebs.com' on the host server named 'www'. The '.com' part of the domain name reflects the purpose of the organisation (e.g. commercial, or organisation,).
Electronic-commerce (also called e-business) is the buying and selling of goods and services on the internet, especially the World Wide Web (www).
Electronic mail (e-mail) is the exchange of computer-stored messages by telecommunication.
An embedded system is a special-purpose computer system designed to perform one or a few dedicated functions, often with real-time computing constraints. It is usually embedded as part of a complete device including hardware and mechanical parts. In contrast, a general-purpose computer, such as a personal computer, can do many different tasks depending on programming. Embedded systems control many of the common devices in use today.
A fax (short for facsimile) is the telephonic transmission of scanned-in printed material (text or images), usually to a telephone number associated with a printer or other output device.
A firewall is a set of related programs, located at a network gateway server, that protects the resources of a private network from users from other networks.
Flash is used to create vector graphics-based animation programs with full-screen navigation interfaces, graphic illustrations, and simple interactivity in a file format that is small enough to stream across a normal modem connection.
In data communications, a gigabit is one billion bits. It's commonly used for measuring the amount of data that is transferred in a second between two telecommunication points.
First started in 1998, google is a very popular web search engine.
Hacker is a term used by some to mean "a clever programmer" and by others, especially those in popular media, to mean "someone who tries to break into computer systems".
A hard disk is part of a unit, often called a "disk drive," that stores and provides relatively quick access to large amounts of data on an electromagnetically charged surface. Today's computers typically come with a hard disk that contains several billion bytes (gigabytes) of storage.
In information technology, hardware is the physical aspect of computers, telecommunications, and other devices. The term arose as a way to distinguish the "box" and the electronic circuitry and components of a computer from the program you put in it to make it do things.
A header is generally something that goes in front of something else and is usually repeated as a standard part of the unit, commonly used in documents, e-mails and computer files.
The home page is the first Web page that is displayed after starting a Web browser like Firefox or Microsoft's Internet Explorer.
Hosting (also known as Web site hosting) is the business of housing, serving, and maintaining files for one or more Web sites, with importance placed on a fast connection to the internet.
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the set of markup symbols or codes inserted in a file intended for display on a World Wide Web browser page. The markup tells the Web browser how to display a Web page's words and images for the user.
An image is a picture that has been created or copied and stored in electronic form.
The Internet, sometimes called simply "the Net," is a worldwide system of computer networks in which users at any one computer can get information from any other computer.
Internet traffic is the flow of data around the Internet. It includes web traffic, which is the amount of that data that is related to the World Wide Web, along with the traffic from other major uses of the Internet, such as electronic mail and peer-to-peer networks.
IT (information technology) is the study, design, development and support of computer-based systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware.
Java is a programming language expressly designed for use in the distributed environment of the Internet.
JPEG (joint photographic experts group) is a commonly used method of compression for photographic images.
A kilobyte is approximately a thousand bytes used as a measure of computer memory or storage.
A knowledge base is a centralized storage system of information about a particular subject.
A local area network (LAN) is a group of computers and associated devices that share a common communications line or wireless link.
A laptop computer, usually called a notebook computer by manufacturers, is a battery- or AC-powered personal computer generally smaller than a briefcase that can easily be transported and conveniently used in temporary spaces. Typically weighing less than 5 pounds and 6cm thick, some of the best-known makers of laptop computers are IBM, Apple, Compaq, Dell, and Toshiba.
Link building is the process of directing keyword phrases from external websites to your website domain in an attempt to gain credibility and high rankings in search engine results.
Linux is a Unix-like operating system that was designed to provide personal computer users a free or very low-cost operating system comparable to traditional and usually more expensive Unix systems.
A logarithm is an exponent used in mathematical calculations to depict the perceived levels of variable quantities.
A megabit is a million binary pulses. It's commonly used for measuring the amount of data that is transferred in a second between two telecommunication points.
Approximately one million bytes and used as a measure of computer processor storage.
Memory is the electronic holding place for instructions and data that your computer's microprocessor can reach quickly.
A Memory Stick is a digital data storage technology with up to 10 times the storage capacity of a 3.5 diskette. Sony is promoting the Memory Stick as the new way to share and transfer pictures, sound, and other data between different compact electronic devices like digital cameras and camcorders.
Meta means 'an underlying definition or description'. Therefore metadata is a definition or description of data and metalanguage is a definition or description of language.
Migration is the process of moving from one operating environment to another operating environment. For example, moving from Windows NT Server to Windows 2000 Server would usually be considered a migration because it involves making sure that new features are exploited, old settings do not require changing, and taking steps to ensure that current applications continue to work in the new environment. Migration can involve moving to new hardware, software, or both.
A motherboard is the physical arrangement in a computer that contains the computer's basic circuitry and components.
A mouse is a small device that a computer user pushes across a desk surface in order to point to a place on a display screen and to select one or more actions to take from that position. The mouse originally got its name by being a similar size and colour to a toy mouse.
Networking is the construction, design, and use of a network, the selection and use of telecommunication protocol and computer software for using and managing the network, and the establishment of operation policies and procedures related to the network.
In general, open source refers to any program whose source code is made available for use or modification as users or other developers see fit.
Opera is a Web browser that provides some advantages over other browsers from Mozilla or Microsoft. Much smaller in size, Opera is known for being fast and stable.
PayPal is a Web-based application for the secure transfer of funds between member accounts. It doesn't cost the user anything to join PayPal or to send money through the service, but there is a fee structure in place for those members who wish to receive money.
Pay per click fraud
Pay per click fraud is the practice of artificially inflating traffic statistics to defraud advertisers or Web sites that provide venues for advertisers.
Plug-in applications are programs that can easily be installed and used as part of your Web browser.
Random Access Memory is the place in a computer where the operating system, application programs, and data in current use are kept so that they can be quickly reached by the computer's processor.
A robot is a machine designed to execute one or more tasks repeatedly, with speed and precision. There are as many different types of robots as there are tasks for them to perform.
Safari is Apple Computer's Web browser . It is the default browser in Apple's OS X and is currently only available for that operating system. Safari was developed in-house by Apple and released in 2003.
Safari features tabbed browsing, similar to Firefox and Opera , RSS feed support and integration of Apple's Quicktime multimedia player. Safari also has a search field that uses Google's search engine . Apple's Keychain identify management scheme manages passwords. Other standard features include a pop-up ad blocker, spell check, bookmark management and integration with Apple's iWeb software.
In computer programming, a script is a program or sequence of instructions that is interpreted or carried out by another program rather than by the computer processor.
An internet search engine is a coordinated set of programmes that includes;
i) a spider that goes to every page on every website that wants to be searchable and reads it, using hypertext links on each page to discover and read a site's other pages
ii) a program that creates a huge index from the pages that have been read
iii) a program that receives your search request, compares it to the entries in the index, and returns results to you.
Search Engine Optimisation
Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) is the process of making improvements to your website so that it appears higher, and ranks stronger, in search engine results pages.
On a Web site that sells products or services online, the shopping cart is a common metaphor (from the original grocery store shopping cart) for the catalog or other pages where a user reads and makes selections. Typically, the user checks off any products or services that are being ordered and then, when finished ordering, indicates that and proceeds to a page where the total order is placed and confirmed.
An index to all the content on a website. When accessible from the front page, a sitemap helps your viewers find what they are looking for and it helps search engine's find all your website's links.
Skype is an IP telephony service provider that offers free calling between computers and low-cost calling to regular telephones that aren't connected to the Internet. Included in the free service is a softphone application that can be downloaded to any laptop or desktop computer, or other computing device running Windows, Macintosh, Linux, or Windows Mobile operating systems. A function called SkypeOut enables calls to regular telephones; these calls are charged to a prepaid account or to a flat-fee annual subscription.
Social bookmarking is a method for Internet users to store, organize, search, and manage bookmarks of web pages on the Internet with the help of metadata.
In a social bookmarking system, users save links to web pages that they want to remember and/or share. These bookmarks are usually public, and can be saved privately, shared only with specified people or groups, shared only inside certain networks, or another combination of public and private domains. The allowed people can usually view these bookmarks chronologically, by category or tags, or via a search engine.
Computer software is a general term used to describe a collection of computer programs, procedures and documentation that perform some tasks on a computer system.
Spam is unsolicited e-mail on the Internet.
A template is a form, mold, or pattern used as a guide to making something, commonly used in website development.
URL (uniform resource locator) is a website address that has all the necessary information for finding the exact location that's attached to it.
A Universal Serial Bus is a plug-and-play interface between a computer and add-on devices, like media players, keyboards, telephones, digital cameras, scanners, flash drives and printers.
A computer virus is a computer program that can copy itself and infect a computer without permission or knowledge of the user.
Web hosting is the business of housing, serving, and maintaining files for one or more Web sites.
A Webmaster is a person who either:
i) creates and manages the information content and organization of a Web site
ii) manages the computer server and technical programming aspects of a Web site
iii)or does both.
A Web site is a collection of Web files on a particular subject that includes a beginning file called a home page.
Web Traffic Management
Traffic management is a method of optimizing the performance of telecommunications networks by dynamically analyzing, predicting and regulating the behavior of data transmitted over that network.
White Hat SEO
A white hat is the hero or good guy, especially in computing slang, where it refers to an ethical hacker who focuses on securing and protecting IT systems.
In recent years, the terms white hat and black hat have been applied to the Search Engine Optimization (SEO) industry. Black hat SEO tactics, also called spamdexing, attempt to redirect search results to particular target pages in a fashion that is against the search engines' terms of service, whereas white hat methods are generally approved by the search engines. White hats tend to produce results that last a long time, whereas black hats anticipate that their sites may eventually be banned either temporarily or permanently once the search engines discover what they are doing.
World Wide Web is simply another name for the internet.
Zipping is the act of packaging a set of files into a single file or archive that is called a zip file. Usually, the files in a zip file are compressed so that they take up less space in storage or take less time to send to someone.
We hope that you found our glossary of terminology helpful.
However, if you would like any further advice or information, please do not hesitate to contact one of our technical staff.